The Mid-Autumn Festival, also known as the Reunion Festival, is a traditional Chinese folk festival. According to the Chinese calendar, the eighth month of the lunar calendar is in the middle of autumn, which is the second month of autumn, which is called "Zhongqiu" (仲秋)and the fifteenth month of August is also in "Zhongqiu"（中秋）, so it is called "Mid-Autumn Festival".
The Mid-Autumn Festival originated in ancient times, popularized in the Han Dynasty, shaped in the early years of the Tang Dynasty and prevailed after the Song Dynasty. The Mid-Autumn Festival uses the full moon to signify the reunion of people, as a sustenance to miss the hometown and the love of relatives, pray for a good harvest, happiness and become a colorful and precious cultural heritage.
Since ancient times, the Mid-Autumn Festival has folk customs such as worshiping the moon, admiring the moon, eating moon cakes, worshiping ancestors, watching lanterns and drinking osmanthus wine.
Worshiping the moon is a very ancient custom in China. In fact, it is a worship activity for the "moon god" by the ancients. Since ancient times, in some areas in Guangdong, people have the custom of worshipping the moon god on the night of the Mid-Autumn Festival. Setting up a large table and placing offerings such as moon cakes and fruits. Under the moon, the red candles are burning and the whole family worships the moon, in turn, to pray for blessings. Offering sacrifices to the moon, entrusting the moon in memory and expressing people's best wishes. As one of the important rituals of the Mid-Autumn Festival, worshiping the moon has continued from ancient times to the present and has gradually evolved into folk activities to appreciate the moon and praise the moon. At the same time, it has also become the main form of modern people's longing for reunion and sustenance of good wishes for life.
The custom of viewing the moon comes from worshiping the moon, the serious sacrifice has become a relaxed joy. It is said that the moon is the closest to the earth on this night, the moon is the largest, roundest and brightest, so there has been the custom of feasting and enjoying the moon since ancient times. In ancient times, the customs of the North and the South were different and the customs were different in different places. The written records of the Mid-Autumn Festival Moon Appreciation activities appeared in the Wei and Jin Dynasties, but they did not become a custom. In the Tang Dynasty, viewing the moon and playing with the moon during the Mid-Autumn Festival was quite popular and many poets' famous poems included poems about the moon.
Moon cakes, also known as moon balls, reunion cakes, etc., are offerings to worship the moon god in the ancient Mid-Autumn Festival. Moon cakes were originally used as offerings to worship the moon god. Later, people gradually regarded the Mid-Autumn Moon viewing and tasting moon cakes as a symbol of family reunion. Moon cakes symbolize a great reunion. People regard them as festive food, offering sacrifices to the moon and gifts to relatives and friends. Up to now, eating moon cakes has become an essential custom for Mid-Autumn Festival in all parts of China. On this day, people eat moon cakes to show "reunion".
On the afternoon of the Mid-Autumn Festival, the halls of each house will set up platforms to set up sacrifices, set up the main plaques of ancestors and gods and offer various offerings. After the sacrifice, cook the sacrifices one by one and eat a sumptuous dinner with the family.
The myth of "Chang'e flying to the moon" originated from the worship of the stars by the ancients. Later, the folk further developed the story and developed it into multiple versions of the story. Chang'e boarded the Moon Palace that was because she stole the elixir of immortality that her husband Hou Yi who asked for from the Queen Mother of the West and flew into the Moon Palace.
Wu Gang ascended to the Moon Palace to cut osmanthus tree, it was because Wu Gang, a man from the West, made a mistake in cultivating immortals, so he was punished to cut down the osmanthus trees in the moon. This osmanthus tree grows as it is cut and it will never be cut.
Chang'e has a rabbit beside her. It is said that Chang'e started to lift off to the moon, she picked up the white rabbit she had been feeding and the white rabbit went to the moon with her. The rabbit has a pestle in the Moon Palace and at night, it smashed the elixir of immortality in the mortar.
The Mid-Autumn Festival is a legal holiday in China and Victory's holiday is from 2022.09.10 to 2022.09.11. Finally, I wish you a happy Mid-Autumn Festival and family reunion.